Sunday, September 13, 2009


new post

Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Occupational Environments

(Schkade, J.K. Schulz, S. (2003)p. 187)

This diagram demonstrates how you need to consider different enviornments for every individual. The subsystems are made up of physical, social and cultural.

Monday, September 7, 2009

The Role of the Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapy is located in a crucial crossroads with social services, health care and housing. Occupational therapists work with all three agencies to bring resources together to enable clients to lead independent lives.

Long delays are common in assessment and needs anaylsis, also financial support is one of the largest barriers to having people lead independent lives.

Nocaon & Pleace,(1997)conducted a study to investigate people with disabilities housing needs and looked at how these needs could be met.
One concept that came about through the reseach was the design of "lifetime homes" the developement of homes that would be easily adapted an would reduce costs if modifications were nessasary.

Nocaon, A. & Pleace, N. (1997). 'Until Disabled People get Consulted" the role of Occuptaional Therapy in meeting Housing Needs. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60(3), 115- 122

Barrier Free Living

Sunday, September 6, 2009

Universal Design

Seven Principles of Universal Design
1. Equitable Use: The design is useful and marketable to any group of users.

2. Flexibility in Use: The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.

3. Simple and Intuitive Use: Use of the design is easy to understand.

4. Perceptible Information: The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user.

5. Tolerance for Error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintentional actions.

6. Low Physical Effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortably.

7. Size and Space for Approach and Use: Appropriate size and space is provided for approach and use.

The 7 Principles of Universal Design were developed in 1997 by a working group of architects, product designers, engineers and environmental design researchers, led by the late Ronald Mace in the North Carolina State University.The purpose of the Principles is to guide the design of environments, products and communications. According to the Center for Universal Design in NCSU, the Principles "may be applied to evaluate existing designs, guide the design process and educate both designers and consumers about the characteristics of more usable products and environments."

Retrieved 8 September 2009 from,

Friday, September 4, 2009

Inclusive Design

Inclusive Design
Understanding how environments press and afford an individuals ability to participate in occupations is one of the key aspects of occupational therapy. This blog will explore products and environments that are usable and effective for everyone, not just people with disabilities. A case study scenario will illustrate how to incorporate inclusive design into house plans, drawing on occupational perspective to enable the client to engage in activities of daily living.

Thursday, September 3, 2009

Letter Propsal

Emma Moynihan
Occupational Therapist
Dunedin Hospital

18 July 2008

Whom it may concern:
Community Health services
PO Box 1426

Dear Sir/ Madam

REGARDS: Carol Simms (DOB 24/12/1987), 87 Small St, Dunedin Client # 136790

I am writing to you in regard to Carol Simms in relation to her proposed housing modifications. Carol is a 21 year old who was in a motor vehicle accident in 2005. Carol sustained major injuries to her lower extremities with serious burns and crush injuries resulting in the bilateral amputation of both legs above the knee. Carol has ongoing skin integrity issues and has scars from the burns in her pelvis area. Carol experiences some pain in her right hip and is in a self propelled light, weight wheelchair; however she has very poor balance due to the bilateral amputation.

Carol is employed part time and is currently living with her parents’; however Carol and her fiancĂ© Phillip are going to be building a new home together. There needs to be careful consideration of design of the new home so that it is practical and usable by both Carol and her fiancĂ©.

It is recommended that consultation with housing design team to prescribe suitable suggestions for minimum requirements for Carol to be safe and independent in the new home environment.

Yours sincerely


Emma Drake
Student Occupational Therapist